Käännettävä sana (suomeksi tai englanniksi):
civil action (suomeksi)
- : In the United States, a lawsuit between private parties, including an action by a private person against a government entity, which will be treated as a private party by the court
- Roman Dutch Law: a lawsuit which is not criminal in nature. It may be between the state and a private party. It is usually based in contract, or delict (tort).